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Fathers in Arizona Can Now Get More Parenting Time Thanks to Changes in Arizona Law for 2013

Arizona Family Law Attorney David Cantor explains the new parenting time custody law in Arizona for 2013:

New laws have been recently put in place in the state of Arizona. These laws will have a large effect on parents’ decision-making authority, as well as the amount of time they can spend with their children. The term “Joint Custody / Sole Custody” has been replaced with “Joint / Sole Legal Decision-Making” under Arizona law. The fact that the term changed doesn’t change the principal outcome, which is making decisions related to medical, religious and educational issues for the children. Rather, Arizona has decided to recognize a presumption that offering the parents Joint Legal Decision-Making will be in the best interests of their children.

This allows both the mother and father to have an involvement in major decisions that will affect the child’s life. Furthermore, a greater burden of proof has been set if one parent alleges that this joint decision-making will not be in the child’s best interest. Fathers will now have the same ability to be involved in their child’s life as mothers.

When setting parenting time, courts in the State of Arizona will now use the presumption that offering both parents equal time with their children will be in the best interest of these minor children. This is certainly welcome news for fathers, many of who believed that courts in Arizona were biased towards mothers when it comes to issues related to child custody and parenting time. Under the new changes in legislation, courts will no longer be able to presume that younger children, like infants and toddlers will be better off being under the mother’s care due to their needs and young age. Now, both parents will be able to spend a large amount of time with their children. If one party argues that the court should reduce the other parent’s time with their children, it will be far more difficult for them to overcome the presumption on equal parenting time.

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These changes don’t mean that equal decision-making authority plus parenting time will be awarded to both parents in each case. If there are serious issues, such as ongoing alcohol or drug abuse, domestic violence, etc., than the courts can consider the best interests of the children to create a parenting plan which will address specific issues brought forth in the case. This can also happen in cases where both parents sharing equal time isn’t possible due to the fact that they live a large distance apart.

If you would like to know more about these changes in the law, or you have certain questions about them, an experienced attorney can provide you with much needed help. Free legal consultations are given by the Cantor Law Group, where you can talk about matters that are specific to your case and learn important information. If anything about the new custody laws in Arizona is unclear, give us a call at 602-254-8880 or send us a confidential email to discuss your case.

What is Community Property in Arizona Divorce Law?


What is Community Property in Arizona Divorce?

David Cantor explains what community property is in this short video:

So, What does a Community Property State mean?

The State of Arizona is one of 11 states in the United States that are considered community property states.

Before you get married, any assets that you have before you get married are your sole separate assets.

Once you get married, any income you earn, and debts become community property or debt. Most people realize that assets are considered community property but most importantly, so are the debts that are incurred during the marriage.


Here are a couple of examples of sole separate property and community property in Arizona:

Owning a Home: For example, if a person buys a house before marriage with a $20,000 down payment, that is considered sole and separate property. When the marriage is over and the house is sold, the person who contributed the down payment (prior to marriage) can get that back. When the house is sold if there is any increase in value or debt that occurred during the marriage is considered community property.

Owning a Business: If one spouse owned a business and was small prior to the divorce and now the business is worth quite a bit. This is still considered community property because the business was built by the “community”. It’s possible that the wife never went into the office but instead raised the kids. Now there certain situations and ways to value a business so that it isn’t a 50/50 split.

Of course these examples all depend on your given situation. If you have questions about community property in Arizona, please call our office at (602) 254-8880 for a free consultation.

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Thomas Beatie and AZ Marriage Jurisdiction Problems

David Cantor talks with NBC12 here in Phoenix about the latest in the Thomas Beatie divorce case. Currently we are waiting to hear back from the judge regarding if his court has jurisdiction to rule if this is a legal marriage in Arizona. At the heart of the debate is whether or not Thomas was a legally a man when he was married in Hawaii. Let us know what you think on Facebook.

Can you file for divorce while Pregnant?

A lot of couples going through a rough patch in their marriage are apprehensive about divorce. If the relationship has reached its end, this apprehension can increase tenfold, and more so if the couple is expecting a child. Going through a divorce is a trying time for the spouses, therefore, in some cases, when the couple is pregnant, it may actually be prohibited.

This paves the path to a gray area of the law which is not commonly discussed, unless it becomes necessary; Can you get a divorce while pregnant?

If you are not sure about how to go about your divorce, it is best to hire a divorce attorney as searching over the internet will not get you answers to your questions. Your lawyer will help you understand the divorce laws, which are similar to marriage laws. Your attorney will also talk to you about your options and help you decide which one is best for you. Just like marriage laws, there are divorce laws and these laws vary from state to state and your lawyer will help you understand the divorce laws in your state. You will be surprised to know that it is illegal to get a divorce while pregnant in certain states. However, if you are in the state of Arizona, pregnancy will not prevent you from divorcing assuming you meet the residency requirements.

Deciding to go ahead with the divorce takes strong will and the whole process can be very difficult and frustrating for some people. The process may be even complicated for women who are pregnant as the divorce proceedings will become more difficult once the child is born. Once the birth occurs, your soon-to-be-ex-husband will file for custody claims and there may even be a paternity test involved. The matter can even become worse if you have other children apart from the unborn child. So getting help from a local divorce attorney is the most important step for you.

Moving to another state

Some states prohibit you to go ahead with the divorce while pregnant. In such a case, it may be possible to change your residency, especially if you have only recently become pregnant, and attempt to file for divorce in a different state where it is not prohibited to go ahead with the divorce while pregnant. An attorney in your jurisdiction will be better able to guide you with this.

Divorce is a life-altering event and one that creates a critical transition point in a person’s life. Once you file for divorce, there is no turning back and if you find out you are pregnant, it can be devastating for you and your baby. A baby is supposed to bring joy and happiness in your life, and couples are supposed to welcome the new arrival into a loving environment. Avoid complications and difficulties in your divorce case and hire an experienced divorce attorney.

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The Differences between Divorce, Legal Separation, and Annulment

When couples decide to end their relationships, they usually have three choices: get a divorce, become legally separated, or to get an annulment. However, couples usually do not know the differences, the advantages, and the disadvantages of each option. This guide will explain each option so that couples will know the differences between each option.


Divorce, otherwise known as dissolution of marriage, is the legal process in which a couple terminates their marital union. In effect, the couples are relinquishing themselves from the rights and responsibilities of marriage. Thus, when a couple goes through a divorce, there are many issues that the couple must address. These issues include child custody, child support, division of assets, division of debt and spousal support.

Each state has their unique divorce laws and has different residency requirements. Unlike a legal separation, divorces often take a long time to be finalized, usually around six months. But when a couple finalizes a divorce, each party is no longer liable for any future debt of the other spouse and no longer has to equally share their income and profits with the other spouse.

Legal Separation

Legal separation, also known as a judicial separation, is a legal process in which a married couple formalizes their separation but remain legally married. Legal separations are granted through a court order. When a couple files for a legal separation, they address the same issues as in a divorce, such as child custody and spousal support.

A benefit of a legal separation is that certain rights are not eliminated, such as social security and medical benefits. Another advantage is that a legal separation does not take long to finalize. In addition, if a couple decides to move forward with a divorce, the court will use the separation agreement as a template for the divorce settlement agreement. Again, each state varies in their laws regarding legal separations.

Continue to read our Legal Separation page to learn more.


An annulment is similar to a divorce in that it dissolves a marriage. But an annulment differs from a divorce in that a judge will proclaim the marriage null and void. In other words, the marriage is considered to be invalid from the inception.

To be granted an annulment, the parties must have legal grounds for an annulment. Grounds for an annulment include fraud, concealment, inability to consummate the marriage or a marital misunderstanding. A religious annulment differs from a civil annulment in that each religion has their specific grounds for annulment.

If a couple decides to end their marital relationship, it is important to consult with an attorney who is experienced in this field. An attorney could review the case and decide which option would best suit the couple.


This guest post is provided by Wallin & Klarich: A Law Corporation of experienced Divorce Lawyers in Orange County, CA. Wallin & Klarich aggressively represents all California Family Law matters with the belief that every client is our own family member. If you would like to know more about Divorce in California visit their website at:

David Michael Cantor with client Thomas Beatie on Anderson Cooper Live

Watch this video to see David Michael Cantor with client Thomas Beatie discuss Thomas’ divorce case on Anderson Cooper Live. In the interview Thomas and David cover the history of the case and what it means for Thomas, his family, and laws concerning transgender people.

Thomas was legally declared a man under hawaiian law before marrying his wife. Arizona has the same law regarding legal definition of gender after a sex change operation. This means that the marriage is valid in both states. However, the honorable Judge Gerlach of Arizona Superior Court questioned his courts jurisdiction over the case as he questions Thomas’ sexuality since he was still able to give birth after his wedding.

David makes the point that nowhere in the law does it state that someone must become sterile in order to legally become a man or a woman. In fact this specification is specifically left out of the laws for what we presume to be a number of reasons the least of which is that forced sterilization is a very unpopular practice in the modern world.

The LBGT community should be paying attention to this case as it sets a number of legal precedents regarding marriage and gender equality. The fact that it is happening in one of the most conservative states in the US is also notable as the debate over gay marriage becomes more prevalent.

“The Pregnant Man” Thomas Beatie to be on Anderson Cooper Live


On Thursday Nov 15th the Anderson Cooper Live show will have an interview with Thomas Beatie “THE PREGNANT MAN”, his girlfriend Amber, and his attorney David Michael Cantor regarding Thomas’ Arizona Divorce with Children. As we have discussed before Thomas’ case was a very open and shut case with both he and his wife willing to end their marriage amicably.

The honorable Judge Douglas Gerlach agreed in his May review of the case and has schduled a decision for September of this year. However in June Judge Gerlach issued a Nunc Pro Tunc Order questioning if the Court even has jurisdiction over this Divorce. The issue for the judge was whether this Hawaii marriage is valid under Arizona law, based on Thomas’ sex change status and his retention of his female reproductive organs at the time of the marriage.

The Judge requested a memorandum “showing that this Court has subject matter jurisdiction” over this Divorce by July 30th, with an implication that his ruling would come by August 30th 2012. This raised a few questions, especially in the media.

Judge Gerlach has now altered course. On August 15th during a Telephonic Status Conference he ordered “setting Oral Argument [with an Evidentiary Hearing] on the issue of whether this Court has subject matter jurisdiction on December 7, 2012 at 9:00 a.m.”

Thomas’ and David’s interview with Anderson Cooper hopes to paint a more coherent picture of what is at stake in this case. From Thomas’ viewpoint it’s a question of identity and his place in the US legal system as well as the legitimacy of his children. From a legal perspective the timing is impecable considering the national debate on what a marriage is and how we as a society are going to live with each other.

In Phoenix you can watch the interview on KPHO Channel 5 at 4pm. Here is a link to the show page at Anderson Cooper Live. Here is a list of TV stations in the US where you can watch the show.

When Law and Science collide in a Divorce

First comes science, then comes law.

At present, residents of Arizona who wish to legally change their gender can do so by applying for an amended birth certificate. They accomplish this by having a doctor affirm that the applicant has undergone a legal “sex change operation,” among other requirements. But like the choices we make today, consequences can often arise tomorrow. Case in point, Thomas Beatie. Mr. Beatie was born a woman, he underwent the legally required changes to his physical appearance, got his doctor’s affirmation and was granted an amended birth certificate in Hawai’i. He was subsequently married there and changed other government-issued Hawaiian (and national) identifications. However, nine years after his amended birth certificate, Mr. Beatie’s legal gender and marriage are being questioned by a Maricopa County Superior Court judge.

As the article below illustrates, Mr. Beatie’s case may have lasting implications on the future of family law in Arizona and abroad. Why? Because the science, which gave rise to legislative action in recognizing one’s ability to change gender has not been applied in family courts in divorce cases. It also raises the novel question of whether legal men can give birth to children. We anxiously await to see whether the Superior Court will defer to the legislature, which certainly considered implications of allowing a person to change legal gender when it decides the legality of Mr. Beatie’s marriage.

The Cantor Law Group is actively and aggressively challenging the court’s rationale in questioning whether Mr. Beatie is indeed a legal man and whether he has a valid marriage. The Firm believes that sound science supports the conclusion that Mr. Beatie is a man and his marriage is valid.

Arizona Child Protective Services finds major Computer Glitch

The chilling discovery by Child Protective Services (“CPS”) that a “computer glitch” resulted in the non-disclosure of thousands of documents, some of which could have been used to reunify children with their families is unfathomable. The primary objective of Child Protective Services is to “keep children safe within their own families.” (see

It appears that this mantra was violated in a big way because by their own admission, CPS believes that children may have been returned home sooner had these documents been released. Even worse, some parents’ rights may have been terminated by this expansive bombshell revelation.

From an attorney’s prospective, the Cantor Law Group believes that parents who have had their rights terminated deserve a second look at their case and may be victims of this negligence. Please contact our office if your parental rights are being threatened by CPS or another party or if you believe your rights were severed without just cause. Call today at 602-254-8880.

Arizona’s child-welfare agency has discovered a computer glitch that officials say kept public records from parents, lawyers and others for more than 15 years, a malfunction that could have led to children being wrongly removed and prevented caregivers from supporting civil claims against the state.

The computer error affected thousands of families, and attorneys say it could prompt efforts to reopen civil and child-dependency cases.

Officials with the state Department of Economic Security, which oversees Child Protective Services, were notifying the state’s 15 presiding Juvenile Court judges of the glitch on Friday and sending notices to more than 30,000 people who received incomplete public records over the past two years.

The state said it is unable to track or notify those who requested and received incomplete records before 2010.

Those receiving notices include parents involved in the nearly 8,600 open dependency cases, about 1,500 parents who have requested records on their CPS cases, nearly 1,200 judicial or law-enforcement requests, 55 members of the media, and more than 21,000 attorneys.

The records fiasco is the latest blow to the embattled agency, which has spent the past year trying to stem record growth in the number of children in foster care, slow staff turnover and reduce caseloads only to see all those numbers going in the wrong direction.

“If a case got to the wrong result because information wasn’t disclosed, that’s a big, big problem,” said Mark Kennedy, who has represented about 400 parents over the past three years. “To me, it’s pretty significant when CPS says we’re going to contact 21,000 lawyers. That’s like saying, ‘Start searching your case files because there may be some problems out there.’ ”

Maricopa County Juvenile Court Judge Aimee Anderson said she expects it to become a larger issue for civil, criminal and family courts than the Juvenile Court, where about 90 percent of dependency cases are settled without a trial. But she added that a lot depends on what information was missing from the requested records.

“It’s hard to know the real impact that this is going to have, because we don’t know what we didn’t get,” she said. “I really think the state’s bigger problem is in the criminal arena … and lawsuits against the department.”

State and federal laws protect the confidentiality of CPS case information, but parents and caregivers who are the subject of CPS reports, and their attorneys, are supposed to have access to much of it in order to defend themselves against allegations of abuse or neglect, as well as efforts to place their children in foster care or permanently end their parental rights.

Under state law, CPS is required to release case information to judges, parties in dependency cases or their attorneys, as well as criminal defendants.

In addition, the agency must publicly release certain information on child fatalities or near fatalities and is permitted to confirm, clarify or correct information about ongoing cases that has been made public by another source, such as law enforcement.

Attorneys who represent parents and children in CPS cases say withholding these public records could prove costly for the state if it turns out children were removed from or returned to parents based on incomplete or inaccurate information.

The withheld information could be substantive, including:

Details of Child Abuse Hotline reports.

Services provided to the family.

Case notes and documentation from CPS workers and supervisors.

Assessments of children who participated in services.

Appeals of previous child-maltreatment findings.

DES spokeswoman Tasya Peterson said the problem was discovered in June during an annual review of the agency’s public-disclosure practices. An employee noticed that different sets of records were released to different parties in the same case.

Further review found the database system that tracks CPS cases, called CHILDS, had been programmed to print about one-third of the information considered public record under state and federal law. The programming error had been in place since the database was created in 1996.

“We thought we were printing out everything that there was,” Peterson said. “We didn’t have any reason to believe until this summer that we were not meeting our obligations.”

The CHILDS database has been a source of frustration for caseworkers almost since its inception, and streamlining the antiquated, clunky system has been a key agency goal. Until earlier this year, it took caseworkers a full day to input one case into the system.

Each CHILDS case can encompass hundreds of separate fields, or screens, and includes everything from the first hotline call to the most recent case notes. It includes information from witnesses, police, and interviews with children and caregivers.

Attorney Jorge Franco said he’s not surprised that CPS has discovered problems with its public disclosure.

He has sued CPS roughly 20 times and won seven-figure verdicts against the agency.

Franco said the computer glitch could expose the state to liability if it can be shown that additional records would have changed the outcome of a case.

“I have absolutely no doubt that because of this (CPS has) gotten a pass on tons of claims,” Franco said. “The big ‘so what’ is that the statistics … are skewed by the fact that there’s a bunch of claims out there that never made it into claims.”

Peterson said the computer program was designed to print 37 screens in response to public-records requests when it should have printed 98 screens. A screen doesn’t necessarily equate to one page of information.

The review found that much of the information included in the 61 missing screens was already contained in the documents that the agency released.

People requesting public records “were given the majority of the information,” Peterson said.

Attorney Joseph Ramiro-Shanahan, who also represents parents and children in dependency court, said that’s not much consolation. “That’s convenient for them to say, but who knows?” he said. “I don’t even know what I’m missing.”

What about Pets in a Divorce?

Equitably dividing property is normally a difficult task during a dissolution of marriage; however, emotions are always heightened when a family pet becomes a contested property issue.  While the bond between a pet and their owner is undeniable, a judge will typically allocate family pets in the same manner they would a car or a dining room table.  This callus determination leaves many litigants distraught when the opposing party is granted possession of a pet the parties shared for years. There are many creative solutions to this issue, and having an experienced family law attorney who is familiar with both the law and emotional toll a divorce can take on the litigants is paramount.  The knowledgeable domestic relations attorneys at the Cantor Law Group are experienced with complex property division issues, custody matters and personal concerns that come up during a divorce.

One such solution includes the family pet traveling on the same schedule with a child from home to home.   This allows the child to constantly have access to the animal and provides continuity between homes. Additionally, both parties still have quality time with the pet and get to enjoy activities with both the animal and child.  Neither parent is forced to consider a circumstance where they wouldn’t be able to take the family dog and their child to the park and play.

Unfortunately, some parties will attempt to use a family pet as a bargaining chip to gain leverage regarding other property issues.  An experienced attorney can navigate through difficult negotiations and utilize resources such as Alternative Dispute Resolution to aggressively advocate for the client’s goals.  The effects from a divorce are long reaching and having a zealous advocate to stand up for your rights is vital.  It is imperative that before any property division is finalized or any documents are signed that a party speak with an attorney to ensure their rights are being protected. The Cantor Law Group is pleased to offer courtesy consultations for our potential clients. Call today for a Free Consultation – 602-254-8880 or send us an email through our secure form.

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