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How Does the Adoption Process Work?

Adoption refers to taking the responsibility of a child for a lifetime. It requires preparation along with dedication. Most of the time, adoption turns out to be in favor of the adopted child. However, problems may arise like adjustment issues, interaction with new parents, exposure to a different and unaccustomed way of living, and sometimes even different ethnicities or culture.

To adopt a child, the adoption process and challenges must be known. Adoption preparation programs are held at different adoption agencies, hospitals, colleges, religious groups and various organizations. Getting advice from friends or relatives who have adopted children before can also prove to be helpful.

How does adoption work?

There are several types of adoptions, each of which has a different set of rules and regulations. Foreign adoption, for example, depends upon the country of origin and the position of the child. Adoption within the United States can be domestic (with the help of an agency), independent (without the help of an agency) or through a foster care system. All these types of adoptions have different advantages and disadvantages.

Foreign Adoption

Adoption from overseas can be expensive as well as lengthy. The country of origin of the child affects the process of adoption. If the country of the child is a part of Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Cooperation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption, “Hague process” will have to be followed. This process requires you to find an adoption provider in the country of your choice through USCIS. You will have to approve yourself eligible for adopting a child. Get the child you want to adopt, complete all the paperwork and then get your adopted child legally recognized through immigration.

If the home country of the child is not among Hague countries, “orphan process” will be followed. You will have to prove that the child you want to adopt does not have a family or his parents cannot provide for him. Investigation will be carried out by USICS regarding the child’s orphan status after which the adoption will continue.

Domestic Adoption

This type refers to the process of adoption through an adoption agency working within the United States. Adoption agencies match the parents with children. This process of matching can be long and the parents may have to encounter a number of difficulties. The process is also legally complex. In case the child is being adopted from another state, an Interstate Compact for the Placement of Children (ICPC) paperwork will have to be filled out.

Independent Adoption

This process refers to adoption that is carried out in the absence of an intermediary adoption agency. The adoption is discussed between the adoptive parents and the person who has the child. An adoption attorney is always there to lead both the parties towards the completion of the adoption and also makes sure that the process is carried out legally.

Adoption from Foster Homes

In order to adopt from a foster home, you will have to apply to a local adoption agency having a focus on foster adoption. The parents will receive training for adoption. They will be matched to different children to find out their compatibility. The local state authorities monitor the whole process closely. One of the advantages of adopting a child from foster homes is that it is often free of cost. Besides, the child will receive funding every month in order to help the adoptive family.

To adopt from a foster home, it is not necessary for the adoptive parents to be of certain sexuality, married or have a house of their own. For more information on how adoption works, contact a family law attorney in your area.

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