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Archive for October, 2016

Things To Know About Child Custody In Arizona Divorce

According to Arizona laws, child custody in divorce cases takes the best interests of the child in consideration. Divorce is not an easy process and if you fight over issues like child custody, alimony, child support etc., it will only make matters worse. Going through a divorce with children can be one of the toughest experiences in life. You need all the strength, help and support in order to go through the process and finally put this phase of your life behind you. For that to happen, it is advised to get in touch with a qualified and experienced divorce attorney who understands the divorce process and can help you through it.

Understanding the Legal Process

When it comes to child custody in divorce cases, both parents need to come to an agreement as to who will be the primary custodial parent. They can use methods like mediation or collaboration, or simply come to a mutual decision. However, if they fail to resolve matters on their own or by getting help from dispute resolution methods, they can seek help from the Arizona state court. In most cases, it is advised to come to an understanding on your own without the court getting involved because you don’t know what the judge would do.

To help you through the process, get help from an experienced family law attorney in Arizona. The lawyer should be hired as early in the process as possible for proper guidance. The attorney will know how to protect your rights and will make sure that a fair agreement is reached between both spouses. A knowledgeable divorce attorney will fight for your rights and will take decisions that are in the best interests of your children.

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Steps You Need To Take To Begin An Arizona Divorce

The divorce process is initiated by filing a petition for dissolution of marriage in Arizona. The petition needs to be filed in Superior Court by paying a filing fee of $321. Those who cannot afford to pay the divorce petition fee can ask the court to waive or defer the payment by submitting a written application for deferral or waiver with the court. The purpose of the divorce petition is to allege certain facts about the property rights of the parties, and issues like child support, custody and spousal maintenance. Any other rights of both parties that are related to the marriage are also alleged in the petition.


Injuries Involving the Government

Injuries more often occur between private citizens or involve businesses, than due to negligence by the government. Civilian and commercial negligence cases tend to be more straightforward than those involving government entities. When the government is a named defendant, the skill of an experienced personal injury lawyer is very important for positive outcome for this type of complex case.

Liability of the Government

Government-related accidents occur similarly to any other accident. As an example, someone walking on a poorly maintained park sidewalk is on government property and may be equally injured as someone who slips and falls inside a business. Government employees often have assigned vehicles and may be involved in an auto accident in their work vehicle. City-owned swimming pools are frequently the scene of accidents. Veterans’ hospitals may employ a doctor who committed medical malpractice on one of the veteran patients.

Such cases are different, in that individuals are not implicated as responsible for injuries suffered by victims. Instead, the government is responsible.

Immunity of the Government

In many cases involving the government, civil plaintiffs have to overcome the hurdle of government immunity. Some instances may restrict the majority of claims due to far-reaching immunity. This immunity is under the U.S. Constitution, state laws and other decisions made by higher courts. Some states have laws prohibiting victims from suing for accidents such as slip and fall injuries from residual snow or ice at public recreation facilities.

The government must agree to be sued when immunity is in place. For such cases, there is often no recourse for the plaintiff from the government defendant.

Special Relationship and State-Created Danger Doctrines

When immunity of a government entity exists but extenuating circumstances arise, the plaintiff may still be able to sue. There is a doctrine called the state-created danger doctrine which maintains a plaintiff’s right to sue the government if the entity’s action specifically placed the citizen in harm’s way and the government failed to protect that citizen despite placing him or her in this dangerous position. Another doctrine, the special relationship doctrine, holds the state responsible for taking steps to protect prisoners or others held by police while these individuals are in state custody.

Federal Tort Claims Act

When the federal government is involved in an injury through negligence by a federal employee, that employee can be sued through a federal tort. The Federal Tort Claims Act permits suits of tort against the government under specific guidelines. This provides the process for suing federal employees, but not independent contractors, who must be sued under their employer or individual names. Further, the Federal Tort Claims Act is only applicable when the employee being sued was on-the-job and performing his or her duty at the time of the injury or damages. Claims must be unintentional torts or negligence, not intentional torts. Finally, the claim must be permissible according to state laws where the incident occurred.

Statutes of Limitations in Government Claims

When suing the government, there are strict statutes of limitations that apply. A federal tort must be filed within two years following the incident of injury or damages. The federal government then has 180 days to respond to the claim and will either admit liability and offer a settlement, admit liability with no settlement or deny liability altogether. When liability is denied, the plaintiff can litigate the case in federal court with a personal injury attorney. When the government does not meet its own time restrictions of 180 days for response, the plaintiff can also proceed with a case.

Legal Assistance

When citizens believe they have suffered injury due to city, state or federal government negligence, they should consult a personal injury lawyer to discuss potential for a claim. In Arizona, Cantor Injury Lawyers handles many such cases each year. If you have been injured due to negligence by the government, call Cantor Crane now for a free, no-obligation consultation at 602.254.2701.

Paralysis after Motorcycle Accident

Motorcycle accidents are among the most fatal traffic accidents because motorcyclists are so much more vulnerable than drivers protected inside a vehicle. While vehicles offer a protective cage of steel that is meant to minimize the impact to the occupants in the event of a crash, motorcyclists often face immediate contact.


Motorcyclists can suffer serious injuries such as paralysis, leaving them unable to work as they once did for the rest of their lives. Complications include:

  • General paralysis
  • Quadriplegia
  • Paraplegia
  • Numbness and tingling in limbs
  • Loss of sensation

Paralysis results from serious back and neck injuries. In some cases, you may become paralyzed after a serious head injury. Paralysis typically occurs after the spinal cord has been severely damaged, impeding the brain’s ability to control the limbs through electrical impulses. Paralysis is not always a permanent condition and it comes in multiple forms. Some may be paralyzed from the neck down while others are able to move their limbs but not walk. Others experience only partial loss of function and sensation. If you are paralyzed, your condition may vary depending on which vertebrae were damaged.

Paraplegia is a condition that causes paralysis of the lower half of the body. Quadriplegia affects the arms as well as the legs. It is common for both paraplegics and quadriplegics to require the use of a wheel chair or other assisted devices.

Diagnosing Injuries to the Spinal Cord

Motorcyclists who have been involved in an accident usually require immediate medical attention. If you are unable to move after an accident or have any sensations of weakness or numbness in the body, you may have spinal cord damage. Your medical team may order diagnostic tests to assess the damage (note: hold on to your medical records, your motorcycle accident lawyer can use them in working on your injury claim). MRIs and CT scans can determine where the damage has occurred and how severe it is.

In some cases, a myelography is used to assess subtle forms of damage. In this procedure, the doctor injects dye into your spinal cord nerves and uses x-rays or scans to examine the condition inside the spine. Electromyography measures electrical activity within the muscles to determine how much damage was done to the spinal cord and assess how badly your movement is impaired. This type of procedure is useful when it is not clear whether you will be able to walk or perform other crucial activities over time.

Treatment Complications

If you have lost sensation or movement, more than just your muscular development will suffer. Paralysis can result in the following problems:

  • Issues with Breathing
  • Bowel and bladder control problems
  • Sexual Dysfunction
  • Mobility issues
  • Loss of sensation

Paralysis can cause serious respiratory problems and paralyzed individuals often require the help of a ventilator to breathe properly. Other complications include bowel and bladder control issues. These problems may necessitate treatment through a catheter, surgery or bowel training programs. Sexual dysfunction is another common paralysis-related complication that may be treated through therapy and medication.

The type of treatment your complications require depends on the severity of the damage. Some people can function well with the help of braces and other stabilizing devices, while others require a wheelchair or scooter. Wheelchairs often require extensive modifications to the home and vehicle, which can be quite expensive.

Most paralysis victims require a combination of medical, technological, therapeutic and surgical treatment. You may also require external stabilization and transportation aides.

Personal Injury Claims After an Accident

If you have been injured in a motorcycle accident, you may be eligible for compensation. If the other driver acted negligently, he or she may be held responsible for at least part of the damages you sustained. Even if you were partially responsible for the accident, the other driver may be held responsible for a portion of your damages in most states. It is important to consider a variety of factors when filing a personal injury claim, from the extent of your injuries to whether your insurance policy will cover all of your expenses, such as:

  • Transportation costs and repair
  • Lost Wages
  • Lost earning potential
  • Legal fees
  • X-rays and lab fees
  • Physical therapy or rehab
  • Mobility aides

There are more expenses involved with paralysis than your initial hospital bills and transportation costs. Always consider the long-term damages and whether your ability to earn a living will be affected by your injuries. A lawsuit can provide you with compensation for your immediate injuries as well as the likelihood of additional expenses in the future. Many long-term therapy programs are expensive and some are not covered by health insurance policies. It is important to ensure that you are compensated for your pain and suffering, permanent disability, emotional damages and reduced quality of life as well as for tangible expenses such as medical bills.

Working with a motorcycle injury attorney is the best way to ensure that your interests are represented. A motorcycle accident attorney has the experience it takes to deal with insurance companies, opposing legal counsel and court deadlines. To maximize your chances at winning a lawsuit, work with an attorney who understands the various complications that arise after paralysis and is willing to help you build a strong case for compensation.

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